By Joanna Grant
A chinese language doctor is the portrait of a sixteenth century scientific author and scientific practitioner. Drawing on socio-economic/biographic, textual, and gender research together with numerous resources, from hagiographical biographies to clinical case histories, the booklet tells 3 very varied yet complementary tales approximately what it used to be to guidance drugs in sixteenth century China. Woven jointly, those tales mix to create a multi-dimensional portrayal that brings to existence the very human reports, frustrations and aspirations of a good revered and influential health care provider who struggled to win admire from fellow practitioners and loyalty from sufferers. The booklet creates a colourful and vibrant photo of latest clinical perform and whilst deepens our realizing of the interrelationship among gender tradition and drugs.
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Extra info for A Chinese Physician: Wang Ji and the Stone Mountain Medical Case Histories (Needham Research Institute Series)
At the same time, the development of a group consciousness and a sense of community and identity was facilitated by social and literary networks, with the writing and publication 38 MEDICAL CULTURE AND CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY of texts acting as both a forum for discussion and a way for physicians to validate their reputations and thus compete in an ever more crowded marketplace. As we shall see, many of the elements characteristic of the elite physician in this model of professionalization are applicable to Wang Ji: he was a failed scholar striving to emulate his sage forebears; Confucian benevolence is often cited as a motivating factor in the prefaces to his many works; and he was successful at establishing a reputation through his written works and at participating in Xin’an’s nascent social networks.
1525) from Jiangsu, as their works were very inﬂuential on his own writings and theories. This awareness of other physicians is also demonstrated in writings such as Xu Chunfu’s Gujin yitong daquan which is not only a comprehensive theoretical work but has a section devoted to biographies of famous physicians, including Wang Ji. This would indicate that the actual lives of the doctors, as well as their theories, were being recorded and regarded as of interest. 113 The large number of families of hereditary physicians in the area also ensured that medical knowledge was not just transmitted horizontally, but was passed down vertically through successive generations.
I found that although Wang Ji’s theoretical framework did not make any distinction on the basis of sex, in practice he was more liable to diagnose his male patients as suffering from disorders of depletion, as a result of their perceived overindulgence in sexual activity, drinking and rich foods, and that he was more likely to treat them with replenishing drugs and to give them more treatments before they recovered. Men, not women, were the focus of medical concern. I argue that when these gender differences are examined within the speciﬁc cultural context of sixteenth-century Anhui, this treatment of his male patients can be interpreted as a reaction to the anxiety he felt at what he perceived to be the declining morals of contemporary society, as exempliﬁed by the emerging merchant class with their new-found wealth, decadent behaviour and social aspirations.
A Chinese Physician: Wang Ji and the Stone Mountain Medical Case Histories (Needham Research Institute Series) by Joanna Grant