By Giampiero Ausili Cefaro, Carlos A. Perez, Domenico Genovesi, Annamaria Vinciguerra
From the reviews:
"This is a concise consultant to radiological definitions of lymph node teams for radiation remedy making plans. … the first viewers is radiation oncologists in any respect phases in their careers. citizens and scholars should still locate this a really invaluable anatomical advisor. The authors are popular in radiation oncology and/or radiology. … it is a worthy advisor for the lymph node anatomy of the key affliction web site regions." (James G. Douglas, Doody’s evaluate carrier, July, 2009)
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Extra resources for A Guide for Delineation of Lymph Nodal Clinical Target Volume in Radiation Therapy
The studies of Nowak and Levendag (Rotterdam) and Gregoire (Brussels), were followed by further studies which added the anatomical margins of the nodal levels of the neck on CT scans [73, 74]. In Italy the Lombardia Cooperative Group of the Italian Society of Radiation Oncology (Associazione Italiana di Radioterapia Oncologica, AIRO) proposed guidelines for delineation of head and neck nodes on axial CT images [75, 76]. The contouring guidelines of the schools of Brussels and Rotterdam were the most commonly used in radiotherapy, but presented some differences in terms of boundaries and sizes; consequently, the need was felt to unify terminology and recommendations for contouring the individual nodal stations.
Since foot displacements can also change the relative position of bony landmarks that are crucial for determining * This chapter has been written with the contributions of Raffaella Basilico, Antonella Filippone, Maria Luigia Storto, and Armando Tartaro 39 A Guide for D elineation of Lymph Nodal Clinical Target Volume in R adiation Therapy the accuracy of setup, specific “foot-blocking” supports can also be used. As for the choice of the prone setup, it should be considered that it favors spontaneous gravitational displacement of the small bowel outside the pelvis.
We agree with Gregoire  in believing that the pelvic lymph node classification most suitable for radiotherapy planning is the one that associates lymph node groups with the distribution of the main arteries. For this classification, see Chapter 1. 27 3 Anatomicoradiological Boundaries With the introduction in clinical practice of new radiological imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) the need was felt to transfer onto CT scans the anatomical boundaries of lymph node stations as described by surgeons.
A Guide for Delineation of Lymph Nodal Clinical Target Volume in Radiation Therapy by Giampiero Ausili Cefaro, Carlos A. Perez, Domenico Genovesi, Annamaria Vinciguerra