By Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius
This quantity gathers jointly formerly unpublished articles targeting the connection among choice edition and autonomy in reference to human enhancement and within the end-of-life context. the price of person autonomy is a cornerstone of liberal societies. whereas there are diversified conceptions of the inspiration, it really is debatable that on any believable realizing of person autonomy an independent agent must bear in mind the stipulations that circumscribe its activities. but it has additionally been steered that permitting one’s strategies to impact one’s personal tastes threatens autonomy. whereas this phenomenon has obtained a few awareness in different parts of ethical philosophy, it has seldom been thought of in bioethics. This e-book combines for the 1st time the subjects of choice variation, person autonomy, and selecting to die or to augment human capacities in a distinct and complete quantity, filling a big wisdom hole within the modern bioethics literature.
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Additional resources for Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing and Ending Life
But adaptation to these realities can be rational for all the reasons just mentioned. But if and when policymakers are choosing to change social structures, or to assess the quality of such structures, it would be “ethically deeply mistaken” (Sen 1987, 46) to assess their quality in light of our rational preference revision to the social status quo. , those preferences that are not formed as a result of covert influence (Colburn 2011, esp. 64-70). Covert influence is surely a feature of some instances of adaptation, but is not necessary.
4 Of course, what this amounts to is controversial, and is answered in different ways by each historical account. HA1-HA3 reflect the fact that many people think it plausible to believe that the concept of autonomy is tied very closely to the concept of acting for reasons, or at least acting for what one believes to be reasons. And so it may be plausible to say–as is reflected by HA1–that if a particular preference is the result of a process I engage as a result of reasons that I myself recognize (whether or not these are genuine reasons for action), this process generates autonomous preferences.
Brainwashing will go on the latter list. Simple processes of preference formation while a child will, for instance, go on the former list. And so on. 10 But this would be to miss the point of the proposal. The proposal on offer is that there is no such rationale. And hence to complain on this basis would be to pound the table in favor of a more unifying account, an account HA4 denies the existence of. One may find it implausible to believe that there should be no more underlying unifier. But, as we have so far seen, it is difficult to find such a unifier that could plausibly explain the relative normative authority of preferences instilled by some processes rather than others.
Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing and Ending Life by Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius