By Maria Caridad Cruz, Roberto Sanchez Medina
This article follows Cuba's efforts to dig itself out of an monetary rut via new and unique learn bearing on creation, help structures, caliber upkeep, and exchange structures of Havana and its city agricultural zone. certain awareness is given to various similar parts, together with felony frameworks, problems with irrigation, ladies and their participation within the agricultural zone. This e-book has been ready for researchers, experts, manufacturers, scholars, choice makers and people with a normal curiosity within the administration and keep watch over of the city setting.
Read or Download Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba PDF
Best industries books
With few exceptions, the carrier company is considered as a "necessary evil". Servicing items, once they are offered and in shoppers' fingers, is often neglected and will be a resource of shopper dissatisfaction and revenue loss. This considering leads to overlooked possibilities to transform buyers into advocates and to generate major enterprise profit.
This ebook analyses the dynamics of foreign construction situation and exchange. those dynamics are being pushed via new applied sciences (such as microelectronics) and the self sustaining emergence of enormous low salary international locations resembling China. We see a conflict among affordable robots and inexpensive human labour within the following few a long time.
This ebook combines insights from cultural economics, public finance, and tax legislation, offering an available and complete creation within the software of tax incentives for the inventive industries. It doesn't have a single-country concentration, yet as an alternative makes use of the point of view and examples of assorted international locations around the globe.
Extra info for Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba
Farmers in Havana rented their farms from the state and a piece of land was set aside for the farmer's family's consumption. The rest of the leased farm went to state-run companies for raising livestock and for different crops. The plots of land that at a given time were not producing, were assigned to labour centres for the workers' use. As mentioned above, once the centres stopped using the land, the municipal agricultural commissions evaluated the areas' optimum level of use by the farmer and, according to the results, he or she was granted either part of the farm or all of it.
The profits they make are used for paying salaries and buying agricultural input, seedlings and other products from government stores and private producers. The monthly income of the workers depends on the sales and the services rendered. 18 Representatives from the Ministry of Agriculture and the People's Council may be involved in the TCA sales through their relations with producers and according to the producers' requirements. They are paid on commission for their involvement in sales and in this way they supplement their incomes.
Currently, Cuba has a legal framework for the marketing of these products. ) Raised beds with containers made from different materials (stones, pieces of wood or roof tiles and other organic materials) to retain the soil is the most commonly-used cultivation practice in urban community gardens because the lots originally had very little or no suitable soil. This is the main difference between the urban community gardens and the intensivecultivation gardens. 9 High-yield Urban Gardens Another form of urban agricultural production is the high-yield urban garden (the Organoponico de Alto Rendimiento or OAR) which the government introduced in 1994 in Havana as an investment program.
Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba by Maria Caridad Cruz, Roberto Sanchez Medina