By James B Greenough, J. H. Allen, G. L. Kittredge, A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge
This sourcebook's three-part therapy begins with phrases and types, overlaying elements of speech, declensions, and conjugations. the second one half, syntax, explores instances, moods, and tenses. The concluding part bargains details on archaic usages, Latin verse, and prose composition, between different matters. huge appendixes function a word list of phrases and indexes. scholars of heritage, faith, and literature will locate lasting price during this modestly priced variation of a vintage consultant to Latin.
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Additional info for Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar
The Base and the Stem are often identical, as in many consonant stems of nouns (as, rēg- in rēg-is). If, however, the stem ends in a vowel, the latter does not appear in the base, but is variously combined with the inflectional termination. Thus the stem of servus is servo-; that of mēnsa, mēnsā-; that of īgnis, īgni-. 28. Inflectional terminations are variously modified by combination with the final vowel or consonant of the Stem, and thus the various forms of Declension and Conjugation (see §§ 36, 164) developed.
These are called epicene. Thus lepus, hare, is always masculine, and vulpēs, fox, is always feminine. NUMBER AND CASE 35. Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives, and Participles are declined in two Numbers, singular and plural; and in six Cases, nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, ablative, vocative. a. The Nominative is the case of the Subject of a sentence. b. The Genitive may generally be translated by the English Possessive, or by the Objective with the preposition of. c. The Dative is the case of the Indirect Object (§ 274).
A. The ablative in -ī is found exclusively— 1. In nouns having the accusative in -im (§ 75); also secūris. 2. In the following adjectives used as nouns: aequālis, annālis, aqnālis, cōn-sulāris, gentīlis, molāris, prīmipīlāris, tribūlis. 3. In neuters in -e, -al, -ar: except baccar, iubar, rēte, and sometimes mare. b.
Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar by James B Greenough, J. H. Allen, G. L. Kittredge, A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge