Peter Westergaard's An Introduction to Tonal Theory PDF

By Peter Westergaard

ISBN-10: 0393093425

ISBN-13: 9780393093421

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The first key to the right of C is the black key we call C-sharp. ) Definition In some musical circles, a half step is called a semitone, and a whole step is called a tone. Note Tip While the half step is the smallest interval in Western music, music from other parts of the world often contains intervals smaller than a half step. Some Indian music, for example, divides an octave into 22 steps, each about half as large as a Western half step. You can use the step method to describe the intervals between two notes— although once you get more than a few steps away, the counting becomes a tad difficult.

To make things easier for you, the following table shows all the notes in the 15 harmonic minor scales. The 15 Harmonic Minor Scales Scale C minor C-sharp minor D minor D-sharp minor E-flat minor Notes Chapter 3: Scales Scale Notes E minor F minor F-sharp minor G minor G-sharp minor A-flat minor A minor A-sharp minor B-flat minor B minor Note: The “x” you see before several of the notes in the previous table is a double sharp. It means you raise the base note two half steps. Melodic Minor The only problem with the harmonic minor scale is that the interval between the sixth and seventh notes is three half steps—and you seldom have an interval in a scale wider than two half steps.

It means you raise the base note two half steps. Melodic Minor The only problem with the harmonic minor scale is that the interval between the sixth and seventh notes is three half steps—and you seldom have an interval in a scale wider than two half steps. ) So the 35 36 Part 1: Tones melodic minor scale raises both the sixth and seventh notes of the natural minor scale by a half step each, resulting in the following intervals: The Intervals of the Melodic Minor Scale Note Half Steps to Next Note Tonic 2 Second Third 1 2 Fourth Fifth 2 2 Sixth 2 Seventh 1 Put another way, the intervals in the melodic minor scale go like this: whole, half, whole, whole, whole, whole, half.

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An Introduction to Tonal Theory by Peter Westergaard


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