By Richard Öhlinger, Andreas Adler (auth.), Antonio Logrieco, Angelo Visconti (eds.)
The becoming curiosity in health and wellbeing dangers linked to toxigenic fungi and similar mycotoxins has resulted in the improvement of a couple of examine tasks in the past decade in different ecu nations and loads of info has been produced at the ordinary incidence of mycotoxins in vegetation, meals and feeds. the diversities in environmental stipulations (temperature, mild, rainfall and so forth. ) and in uncovered cultivated vegetation (type of cereals, cultivars and so forth. ) within the designated ecu nations have considerably stimulated the distribution of particular toxigenic fungi and similar mycotoxicological difficulties. additionally, biogeographically based lineages inside a few vital toxigenic fungi were lately came across, of reproductive isolation. Transglobal displaying an extended evolutionary heritage transposition of plant items turns out to have considerably contributed to the spreading of toxigenic species and lineages world wide. consequently, the migration of agriculturally vital toxigenic fungi generated through exchange exchanges may perhaps signify an immense resource of inoculum for brand spanking new plant ailments in Europe and for a much wider genetic variety of neighborhood populations. It was once our aim to supply the reader with an replace of researches and surveys at the common prevalence of toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins played at a ecu point over the past 5-10 years. The editors are tremendous thankful to the EU-COST-835 "Agriculturally very important toxigenic fungi" for the monetary aid that allowed a couple of eu scientists to satisfy a number of occasions over the last 5 years to collaborate and alternate information regarding examine advances on toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins.
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Extra info for An Overview on Toxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins in Europe
Pepeljnjak, S. (1995). Aflatoxin producing potential of Aspergillusflavus and Aspergillus parasiticus isolated from samples of smoked driet-meat, Die Nahrung, 39, 302-307. Cvetni6, Z, & Pepeljnjak, S. (1997). Distribution and mycotoxin producing ability of some fungal isolates from the air, Atmospheric Environment, 31,491-495. Cvetni6, Z, & Pepeljnjak, S. (1998). Production of cyclopiazonic acid aflatoxinogenic and non aflatoxinogenic strains of Aspergilus flavus, Die Nahrung, 42, 321-323. Cvetni6, Z, & Pepeljnjak, S.
Aspergillus ochraceus strains were found to produce significant amounts of OTA, especially strains isolated from samples collected in the EN area. Airborne fungal flora is characterised by domination of allergologically important species of Cladosporium, Alternaria and Penicillium. Concentrations of these fungal entities were significantly higher in continental than in Mediterranean areas, which can be due to the environmental conditions and vegetation type of the particular region. S. PEPELJNJAK & M.
E ~.. c Q. , ... ='"... c::: <5" 0 ';: I- 'C:; ~ ~ Figure 3. Mycological contamination of stored wheat, oat, barley and rye collected in the non-endemic (non-EN) and endemic (EN) regions over the period 1975-2001. S. PEPELJNJAK & M. ;: " ~ ~ ... s= ... 0 Figure 4. 3. Animal Feed In the last decade samples of maize for animal feed and mixed feed were also mycologicaly analysed. In these samples (Figure 4) the prevalence of fusaria was found as well (42,3 and 29,6% respectively). Fusarium species as field fungi are most frequent contaminants of maize and other cereals in the vegetation phase with continual development in storage conditions.
An Overview on Toxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins in Europe by Richard Öhlinger, Andreas Adler (auth.), Antonio Logrieco, Angelo Visconti (eds.)